The Romantic Movement In European Art

The Romantic Movement In European Art

Introduction

The Romantic movement in European art was a reaction against Neoclassicism, an artistic style that was popular between 1750 and 1850. The Neoclassical movement emphasized reason and order in art, as opposed to emotion or imagination. The Romantics rebelled against this idea by emphasizing nature and emotion over reason, which led to several important developments in European culture during the 19th century.

The Romantic movement began in the late 18th century and reached its peak during the first half of the 19th century.

The Romantic movement began in the late 18th century and reached its peak during the first half of the 19th century. It was a reaction against Neoclassicism and classicism, which were dominant at that time. Romanticism emphasized emotion, imagination and nature over reason or logic.

It is sometimes called the “Age of Revolution” because of the many changes in society and government that occurred during this period.

The Romantic Movement in European Art is a period of artistic and intellectual renewal that occurred between the late 18th century and early 19th century. It is sometimes called the “Age of Revolution” because of the many changes in society and government that occurred during this period. The Romantic Movement began in France with the French Revolution, which overthrew King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette; it ended when Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated at Waterloo by British-led coalition forces (1815).

The movement included writers such as William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Mary Shelley (Frankenstein), Lord Byron and Percy Bysshe Shelley who wrote about nature with emotion rather than fact; painters such as Goya (Black Paintings), John Constable (Sunset over Salisbury Cathedral) and JMW Turner created paintings based on their feelings rather than reality; composers such as Ludwig van Beethoven wrote music based on feelings rather than just notes on paper

After Napoleon was exiled to Elba in 1815, a wave of political unrest swept across Europe.

After Napoleon was exiled to Elba in 1815, a wave of political unrest swept across Europe. This was a result of the Napoleonic Wars, which had raged from 1792 until 1815 and resulted in the defeat of France at Waterloo by an alliance between Britain and Prussia. The French Revolution had begun as an attempt by middle-class people to end feudalism in France; however, it quickly became an excuse for violence against anyone who opposed them–including royalty and aristocracy–and eventually led to dictatorship under Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821).

In 1848, Europe experienced a second wave of democratic revolutions that led to more upheavals throughout the continent.

The revolutions were a response to the growing disparity between the rich and poor. The middle class people who led them wanted more democracy, but they were put down by the ruling classes. The uprisings spread across Europe and had a major influence on art, literature and music.

These events greatly influenced the artistic movements of the time, including Romanticism.

The Romantic movement was a reaction to the rationalism of Neoclassicism, which emphasized reason and logic over emotion. The Romantic artists emphasized imagination, emotion and spirituality over rationality. The movement began in the late 18th century, during a time of political unrest in Europe. It was also a time when artists were beginning to experiment with new materials and techniques; they wanted their work to be more expressive than traditional forms like portraiture or landscape paintings could allow for at the time.

The Romantic movement was similar in many ways to Neoclassicism due to its emphasis on nature and reason.

The Romantic movement was similar in many ways to Neoclassicism due to its emphasis on nature and reason. Both movements were inspired by the 18th century Enlightenment, which emphasized rational thought over superstition and irrationality. The French Revolution also had a major impact on both movements; it brought about an end to absolute monarchy, thus allowing for greater freedom of expression among artists who could now more openly express their feelings about politics without fear of persecution from the government or church officials (who had previously been able to suppress any artworks that they deemed threatening).

It was also very much like Gothic art because it approached many subjects with an emotional intensity that was lacking in Neoclassicism.

Gothic art is characterized by its use of light and shadow, as well as its use of the human form to express emotion. Romantics used these same characteristics to express their own emotions. This is what made Romantic art so different from Neoclassicism.

Another important aspect of Romanticism was its idealization of medieval times and legends from ancient Greece and Rome. These themes can be seen in romantic literature, music and painting from this period onward.

The Romantic Movement was a reaction to the Enlightenment and Neoclassicism. It emphasized emotion, imagination and nature over reason, logic and science. Artists began looking back to earlier times for inspiration, especially medieval times before the Renaissance (1300-1500). They also idealized ancient Greece and Rome as well as legends from those cultures; these themes can be seen in romantic literature, music and painting from this period onward.

The Romantic movement emphasized natural beauty, emotion and imagination over rationality or reason

The Romantic movement emphasized natural beauty, emotion and imagination over rationality or reason. It was a reaction to the Enlightenment and its emphasis on reason and scientific knowledge. The Industrial Revolution of the late 18th century also contributed to this new way of thinking about society.

Romanticism arose in response to several historical events:

  • The French Revolution (1789), which led to Napoleon Bonaparte’s military conquests across Europe;
  • The Napoleonic Wars (1803-15) fought between France and its allies against other European powers;
  • The Industrial Revolution that began in England during this period had an enormous impact on people’s lives by changing their occupations as well as their social relationships with each other

Conclusion

The Romantic movement was a reaction against Neoclassicism, which had dominated European art for nearly two centuries. It emphasized emotion over rationality and imagination over reason, which led to a greater focus on nature in paintings and literature. Artists also began looking back at medieval times and ancient Greece and Rome as sources of inspiration for their work

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